Forest Survey: State of Forest Report 2017:- India is ranked 10th in the world, with 24.4% of land area under forest and tree cover, even though it accounts for 2.4 % of the world surface area and sustains the needs of 17 % of human and 18 % livestock population.
The 15th State of Forest Report(ISFR, 2017) shows that India’s total forest cover increased by 0.94 per cent, from 7,01,673 square kilometers to 7,08,273 square kilometers since its last assessment in 2015.
The biannual report is prepared by The Forest Survey of India (FSI), a body under MoEFCC, which conducts surveys and assessment of forest resources in the country.
|Total increase in Forest & Tree Cover: 8021
Increase in Forest: 6778 sq. Km
Increase in Tree Cover: 1243 sq. Km
|Class Of Forest||Area (sq km) ISFR, 2017||% of geographical area(ISFR 2017)||% of geographical area (ISFR 2015)|
|Very dense forest||98,158||2.99||2.26|
|Moderately dense forest||3,08,318||9.38||9.59|
|Total Forest Cover||7,08,273||21.54||21.34|
Highest Increase in Forest Area Statewise:-
|Rank||State||Increase In Area(Sq. Km)|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||2141 sq. km|
|2||Karnataka||1101 sq. km|
|3||Kerala||1043 sq. km|
Highest Forest Area Statewise:-
|Rank||State||Increase In Area(Sq. Km)|
|1||Madhya Pradesh||77,414 sq. km|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||66,964 sq. km|
|3||Chhattisgarh||55,547 sq. km|
In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33 per cent) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27 per cent) and Andaman & Nicobar Island (81.73 per cent)”, the Minister stated.
15 states/UT have above 33 per cent of the geographical area under forest cover. Out of these States and Union Territories, seven States/UTs namely Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur have more than 75 per cent forest cover, while 8 states – Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam have forest cover between 33 per cent to 75 per cent.
The total mangrove cover stands at 4,921 sq. km and has shown an increase of 181 sq. km. All the 12 mangrove states have shown a positive change in the mangrove cover, as compared to the last assessment. Mangrove ecosystem is rich in biodiversity and provides a number of ecological services.
Growing Stock of Tree
The total growing stock of India’s forest and trees outside forests is estimated as 5,822.377 million cum, of which 4,218.380 million cum is inside the forests and 1,603.997 million cum outside.
There is an increase of 53.990 million cum of total growing stock, as compared to the previous assessment. Out of this the increase in growing stock, there is an increase of 23.333 million cum inside the forest and 30.657 million cum outside the forest area.
The total carbon stock in the country’s forest is estimated to be 7,082 million tonnes, which shows an increase of 38 million tonnes, as compared to the previous assessment.
The extent of bamboo-bearing area in the country has been estimated at 15.69 million ha. In comparison to the last assessment done in 2011, there has been an increase of 1.73 million ha in bamboo area. The growing stock of the bamboo in forest has been estimated to be 189 million tonnes. There is an increase of 19 million tonnes in the bamboo-growing stock as compared to the last assessment done in 2011.
The Government has recently enacted a Bill in the Parliament for taking out bamboo from the tree category, where it is grown outside forest areas.
Water Bodies Assessment in SFR, 2017
FSI has assessed water bodies in forest cover for the decade 2005-2015. As per the assessment, there is an increase of 2,647 sq. km in the extent of water bodies inside forest cover from 2005 to 2015.
Forest Survey of India (FSI) has been assessing the forest and tree resources of our country on a biennial basis since 1987. The results of the assessment are published in its biennial report titled “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”.
The India State of Forest Report 2017 is 15th such report in the series.
The spatial information given in the report is based on interpretation of LISS-III data from Indian Remote Sensing satellite data (Resourcesat-II) with a spatial resolution of 23.5 meters.
The 2015 assessment covered 589 districts of the country, while the new assessment covers 633 districts. About 40% per cent of the country’s forest cover is present in 9 large contiguous patches of the size of 10, 000 sq.km, or more.
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