International Solar Alliance(ISA)

International Solar Alliance(ISA)

International Solar Alliance (ISA) was unveiled by Prime Minister Modi and then French President, Francois Hollande on November 30, 2015 at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 21 under UNFCCC). The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization. The framework agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016, on the sidelines of the Marrakech Climate Change Conference(COP 22).

Target: The ISA has set target of 1 Terawatt of 1 TW of Solar energy by 2030.
Headquarter of ISA: Gwal Pahari, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Interim Director General: Upendra Tripathy

Members: The ISA is open to 121 prospective member countries, most of them located between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, this is the region of surplus bright sunlight. So, far 61 countries has signed ISA Framework Agreement.
(1 TW= 1012 watt)

International Solar Alliance (ISA) is conceived as a coalition of solar resource rich countries to address their special energy needs and will provide a platform to collaborate on addressing the identified gaps through a common, agreed approach. It will not duplicate or replicate the efforts that others (like International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), International Energy Agency (IEA), Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), United Nations bodies, bilateral organizations etc.) are currently engaged in, but will establish networks and develop synergies with them and supplement their efforts in a sustainable and focused manner.
ISA significance for India: First International body that will have a secretariat in India.

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (IND), pledged by India at Paris Climate summit(COP 21)
  • India to reduce the Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 Per Cent by 2030 from 2005 Level.
  • India to create additional Carbon Sink of 2.5 to 3 Billion Tonnes of Co2 Equivalent through Additional Forest and Tree Cover by 2030.
  • India’s renewable energy target is 175 GW by 2022, with 100 GW of solar, 60 GW of wind, 10 GW of bioenergy and 5 GW of small hydro.
India has distributed 28 crore LED bulbs in three years which saved $ 2 billion and 4 GW of electricity.

Current Events:

The French Development Agency will allocate additional 700 million euros to its commitment to solar energy by 2022 during President Macron visit India in march, 2018.

France had already committed $300 million euros to the initiative when it co-founded with India a global alliance in 2015 to unlock new cash for solar projects in sunny yet poor nations.

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