What is Euthanasia?
Euthanasia, also called mercy killing, act or practice of painlessly putting to death persons suffering from painful and incurable disease or incapacitating physical disorder or allowing them to die by withholding treatment or withdrawing artificial life-support measures.
The first countries to legalize euthanasia were the Netherlands in 2001 and Belgium in 2002.
Active Euthanasia: The administration of a lethal drug by a physician, as well as by a patient himself to end life. It is seen as a positive act.
Passive Euthanasia: withdrawal of treatment or medical support . Death happens due to preexisting medical conditions.
Is there Dichotmy in Active and Passive Euthanasia?
Active Euthanasia vis-a-vis passive Euthanasia
Killing vis-a-vis Letting to die
The debate is on whether a separation of Active and Passive Euthanasia is possible.
Legal Provisions in India
Committing suicide is an offence under section 309 of IPC. Section 115, of the Mental HealthCare Act exempts person who commits suicide from section 309 of the IPC.
At present Active Euthanasia even with the consent of the patient would result in Culpable homicide punishable under IPC.
Supreme Court Judgements
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