Quit India Movement (1942):
On 8 August 1942, the Congress in its Meeting at Gowaliya Tank, Bombay Passed a Resolution Known as ‘Quit India’ Resolution Whereby Gandhiji Asked the British to Quit India and gave a Call for ‘ Do or Die’ (Either free India or Die in the Attempt) to his Countrymen. On 9 August 1942 all the Prominent Leaders Like Gandhi, Nehru, Patel etc. Were Arrested But the Rest Most of (J.P., Lohiya, Aruna Asif Ali, Usha Mehta etc.) Continued the Revolutionary Struggle. Violence Spread Throughout the Country, Several Government Officers Were Destroyed and Damaged, The Telegraph Wires Were Cut and Communication Paralyzed. Parallel Government Were Established in Some Places Viz.
|Balia, U.P.||Chittu Pandeya||First Parallel Government|
|Tamulak, Midnapur Distt., Bengal||Satis Samant|
|Satara, Maharashtra||By Y.B. Chahvan and Nana Patil||The Longest (Term) Parallel Government|
The Movement Was, However, Crushed by the Government.
Gandhiji’s Fast (10 Feb.- 7 March 1943):
Gandhiji Undertook a 21 Day Fast in Jail. His Condition Deteriorated After 13 Days and All Hopes of Spiritual Were given Up. However, as a Result of his Moral Strength and Spiritual Stamina, He Survived and Completed the 21 Day Fast. This Was his Answer to the Government Which had been Constantly Exhorting him to Condemn the Violence of the People in the Quit India Movement.