Geography quiz no. 1: Earthquake & Seismic Waves

 


 


1. Consider the following statements with reference to P-Waves:


    (a) P-waves are similar to sound waves i.e. particles vibrate in the direction of wave motion


    (b)  P-waves move faster and are the first to record on the Seismograph


     (c)  P-waves can travel only through solid materials


Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

2. Which of the following are indirect source of information about Earth’s interior?
(a) Gravitation and magnetic field
(b) Seismic Activity
(c) Volcanic Eruption


Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

3. The point where the energy is released during the earthquake is called?

4. With reference to earthquake, which of the following statement is/are correct?


    (a) The release of energy along the fault line causes the shaking of the earth


     (b) The point on the surface nearest to the focus is called epicentre


      (c) Seismic waves are basically of two types — body waves and surface waves 


Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

5. On Seismograph which wave is reported first.

6. With reference Shadow Zone, consider the following statements:


    (a) There exist some specific areas on the Earth where the seismic waves are not reported such a zone is called the ‘shadow zone’


    (b) The seismographs located beyond 142° from epicentre record the arrival of S–waves but not that of P-waves


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

7. Consider the following statements:


     (a) The magnitude scale is known as the Richter scale relates to the energy released during the earthquake.


    (b) Amount of energy released at Richter 9 is 31.7 times more than at Richter 8.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

8. The Intensity scale of the earthquake measurement is called?

9. _______    refers to an Antipode of the epicentre.


 

10. Which one of the following earthquake wave is more destructive?

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